ADHD

ADHD is a “Hot Topic” in education these days. It seems children everywhere are being diagnosed and teachers are adding ‘behaviour expert’ to their CV’s. Many studies have shown meditation to be beneficial to children (and even adults) who have ADHD and we encourage teachers and parents to give it a go. This youtube clip from  a study done by Maharishi University is an excellent look at the difference regular meditation can bring to ADHD children, well worth a look. 

 

 As we here at Rainbowcrystal Connection are not Medical Professionals, we have tracked down some excellent information for you from “Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne.” We  have also included some “tips” for Teachers and Parents at the bottom of the page.

ADHD – an overview (Fact Sheet RMH)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental problem which results in poor concentration and control of impulses. It can affect children’s learning and social skills, and also family functioning. It is not an illness. With medical treatment, understanding and care, a child with ADHD can live a normal life. About 3-5 of every 100 children in Australia have ADHD. It is much more common in boys than girls.

Symptoms and diagnosis
The diagnosis of ADHD must be made by a trained and experienced health professional, using information from both the family and the school. It is important to make sure the symptoms are not caused by something else, which may need different treatment.

Common signs and symptoms are:

Inattention
Difficulty concentrating, forgetting instructions, moving from one task to another without completing anything.
Impulsivity
Talking over the top of others, losing control of emotions easily, being accident prone.
Overactivity
Constant fidgeting and restlessness.

It is important to remember that all young children have a limited attention span and sometimes do things without thinking. A diagnosis can only be made after a range of information is collected – especially by parents. The symptoms must be obvious in most areas of the child’s life. There is no single test. If you are concerned about your child, see your GP who can arrange a referral to a paediatrician, or child psychiatrist to make the assessment.

Treatment for ADHD
Medication
At this point, stimulant medication is the single most effective treatment for the symptoms of ADHD. Stimulants became a standard treatment in the 1980s and approximately 1-2% of all Australian children are prescribed stimulant medication. Any side effects can usually be controlled with changes to the dose and strength.

Behaviour strategies
Positive parenting, home and classroom strategies such as keeping structure, boosting self-esteem, building social skills, planning the physical and learning environment all help. Sometimes counselling for the child or the family is also needed.

See the factsheet: ADHD – ways to help children with ADHD

Key points to remember
•Children with ADHD need support and understanding from family and teachers
•Not all children who are inattentive, impulsive and overactive have ADHD
•No single test can diagnose ADHD. Assessment by a doctor or psychologist involves putting together lots of pieces of information to make a diagnosis
•Medication, positive parenting strategies, school support and counselling can help most children with ADHD and their families

Produced by the Centre for Community Child Health and  General Paediatrics. First published 2003. Updated November 2010.

Ways to help children with ADHD (Factsheet RMH)

Verbal instructions
•Keep instructions brief and clear
•Say the child’s name or tap them on the shoulder to make and keep eye contact when giving important information
•Ask your child to repeat the instruction to make sure they have taken it in and understood
•Your child may need prompting, monitoring and encouragement to keep them focused on tasks

Written work
•Highlight important points in written information using *asterisks*, CAPITAL LETTERS or bold.
•Limit the amount of information that needs to be copied from a black or white board. Instead, give ‘hand out’ sheets  with this information.

Other learning strategies
•Provide one-to-one instruction as often as possible
•A class ‘buddy’, who gets along well with the child, can be helpful to reinforce instructions and directions
•Make sure activities have plenty of ‘hands on’ involvement
•Schedule the most important learning to take place during the child’s best concentration time(s). This is usually  mornings.
•Give a checklist for what the child needs to do

Physical environment
•Sit them near the front of the classroom.
•Plan seating and furniture carefully to decrease distractions. For example, sit the child near classmates who will be  good role models.
•A quiet place, without clutter is important for homework.

Reducing over-activity and fatigue
•Build rest-breaks into activities. For example, five minutes break for each 30 minutes activity.
•Alternate academic tasks with brief physical exercise. For example, the child could do structured tasks or errands such  as delivering notes or taking lunch orders.
•Prepare a number of low-pressure fun activities for when the child needs to spend a few minutes calming down.

Keeping structure
Children with ADHD can struggle with changes to routine and need to know what to expect. The following strategies can help:

•Have a fixed routine
•Keep classroom activities well organised and predictable
•Display the daily schedule and classroom rules. For example attach a flowchart to the inside of the child’s desk or  book.
•Tell the child in advance (whenever possible) of a change in the schedule
•Give the child advance warning of changes. For example: ‘in five minutes you will have to put your work away’, and  remind them more than once.
•Keep choices to a minimum.

Self-esteem
•Encourage the child to take part in activities where they will experience success
•Set achievable goals.
•Acknowledge their achievements by congratulating them verbally and in written ways such as notes or certificates
•Focus their attention on the good parts of their written work. For example, use a highlighter pen on the best sections  of the child’s work.
•Help them feel important in the classroom. For example, acknowledging their effort to do a task even if they don’t  succeed.
•Near the end of the day, review with the child their accomplishment/s for the day
•Attend to learning difficulties as soon as possible to restore self-confidence

Social skills
•Involve the child in smaller groups of no more than two other children whenever possible, instead of larger groups
•Reward appropriate behaviour such as sharing and cooperating
•Teach the child appropriate responses when they feel provoked. For example teach them to walk away or talk to the teacher.
•Encourage the child to join activities where ‘supervised socialisation’ is available, such as scouts/girl guides or  sporting groups
•Talk with the child about the consequences of their actions upon them self and others
•Use visual prompts to remind the child to think before they act. For example, ‘STOP, THINK, DO’.

Communication between home and school
•Use a school-home daily communication book
•Communicate both positive aspects of day and inappropriate behaviour
•Teachers – be sensitive to parents’ feelings. They have the difficult task of raising a child with ADHD.
•Teachers – help parents feel proud of their child. Find positive things to share with them about their child on a  regular basis. This can be done in front of the child.

To help to encourage the child to complete homework parents can:
•Make the work environment attractive but not too distracting
•Have regular scheduled time for home work

Key points to remember
•Acknowledge and reward achievements and positive behaviour often
•Attend to learning difficulties as soon as possible
•A quiet place, without clutter is important for homework
•Talk with the child about the consequences of their actions
•Medication, positive parenting strategies, school support and counselling can help most children with ADHD and their  families

These factsheets were produced by Royal Children’s Hospital Melbourne
http://www.rch.org.au/kidsinfo/factsheets.cfm?doc_id=3713
http://www.rch.org.au/kidsinfo/factsheets.cfm?doc_id=9983

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10 Responses to ADHD

  1. Hi there!

    ADD / Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder signs in children are continuously being researched and studied to create proper therapy and treatment method.

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a very wide topic, not only related to children. There’s the medical and the holistic side of ADD. To learn and get more information regarding ADD or ADHD, including ODD presented in children. Also if you’re interested in proper child behavior, refer to Oppositional Defiant Disorder and for a wider information regarding ADD symptoms, have a look in ADD Symptoms bloghttp://www.addsymptomsinchildren.org/ref/d1.gif

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  3. huknukum8067 says:

    Great blog over here! I’ll come back later to check if you have posted new articles.

  4. Pingback: ADHD- 1 in 10... so who needs to change? The kids or the schools? | Rainbow Crystal Connection

  5. Nice blog here! Also your site loads up very fast! What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my blog loaded up as quickly as yours. Many thanks and keep posting things like in ADHD information for Teachers/Parents|Tips for managing ADHD | Rainbow Crystal Connection.

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  7. Greetings! I’m glad to have found a great place to drop in on. Here’s my issue. My daughter has been diagnosed with panic attacks and since I’m rathernew to this, I’d like to just drop in and read and learn for a bit before I jump in. I have done some research some of thetreatments out there and if I see anything that looks promising, I’ll outcomes if that’s OK. All for now and I look forward to getting to know some of you!

    Mike

  8. Pingback: Rainbow Crystal Connection Meditation Classes for Children!! | Rainbow Crystal Connection

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